Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. All Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions under the Charter. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States, because of their key roles in the establishment of the United Nations, they were granted the special status of Permanent Member States at the Security Council, along with a special voting power known as the “right to veto”. If any one of the five permanent members cast a negative vote in the 15-member Security Council, the resolution or decision would not be approved.
Ethics of Intervention and Responsibility to Protect.
Reforms in the Security Council.